Author: Zamantzas, C.
Paper Title Page
TU2C2 The Diamond Beam Loss Monitoring System at CERN LHC and SPS 202
  • E. Calvo Giraldo, E. Effinger, M. Gonzalez Berges, J. Martínez Samblas, S. Morales Vigo, B. Salvachúa, C. Zamantzas
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • J. Kral
    CTUP/FNSPE, Prague, Czech Republic
  The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) accelerators are equipped with 17 pCVD diamond based Beam Loss detectors at strategical locations where their nanosecond resolution can provide insights into the loss mechanisms and complement the information of the standard ionization chamber type detectors. They are used at the injection and extraction lines of the LHC and SPS, to analyse the injection or extraction efficiency, and to verify the timing alignment of other elements like kicker magnets. They are used at the betatron collimation region and are being also explored as detectors to analyse slow extractions. The acquisition chain was fully renovated during the second LHC long shutdown period (from December 2018 to July 2022) to provide higher resolution measurements, real-time data processing and data reduction at the source as well as to integrate seamlessly to the controls infrastructure. This paper presents the new hardware platform, the different acquisition modes implemented, the system capabilities and initial results obtained during the commissioning and operation at the beginning of the LHC’s Run 3.  
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slides icon Slides TU2C2 [4.414 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-TU2C2  
About • Received ※ 06 September 2022 — Revised ※ 09 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 12 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 14 September 2022
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TUP03 The Beam Loss Monitoring System after the LHC Long Shutdown 2 at CERN 220
  • M. Saccani, E. Effinger, W. Viganò, C. Zamantzas
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  Most of the LHC systems at CERN were updated during the Long Shutdown 2, from December 2018 to July 2022, to prepare the accelerator for High-Luminosity. The Beam Loss Monitoring system is a key part of the LHC’s instrumentation for machine protection and beam optimisation by producing continuous and reliable measurements of beam losses along the accelerator. The BLM system update during LS2 aims at providing better gateware portability to future evolutions, improving significantly the data rate in the back-end processing and the software efficiency, and adding remote command capability for the tunnel electronics. This paper first recalls the Run 1 and Run 2 BLM system achievements, then reviews the main changes brought during LS2, before focusing on the commissioning phase of Run 3 and future expectations.  
poster icon Poster TUP03 [2.871 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-TUP03  
About • Received ※ 05 September 2022 — Revised ※ 10 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 12 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 29 October 2022
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WE3C3 Fast Spill Monitor Studies for the SPS Fixed Target Beams 522
  • F. Roncarolo, P.A. Arrutia Sota, D. Belohrad, E. Calvo Giraldo, E. Effinger, M.A. Fraser, V. Kain, M. Martin Nieto, S. Mazzoni, I. Ortega Ruiz, J. Tan, F.M. Velotti, C. Zamantzas
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • M. Bergamaschi
    MPI-P, München, Germany
  At the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) the proton beam is supplied to the fixed target experiments in the North Area facility (NA) via a slow extraction process, taking place at 400 GeV. The monitoring of the spill quality during the extraction, lasting 4.8 seconds with the present SPS setup, is of high interest for minimising beam losses and providing the users with uniform proton-on-target rates. The monitor development challenges include the need for detecting, sampling, processing and publishing the data at rates ranging from few hundred Hz to support the present operation to several hundreds of MHz to serve future experiments proposed within the Physics Beyond Collider (PBC) programme. This paper will give an overview of the ongoing studies for optimizing the existing monitors performances and of the R&D dedicated to future developments. Different techniques are being explored, from Secondary Emission Monitors to Optical Transition Radiation (OTR), Gas Scintillation and Cherenkov detectors. Expected ultimate limitations from the various methods will be presented, together with 2022 experimental results, for example with a recently refurbished OTR detector.  
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slides icon Slides WE3C3 [2.339 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-WE3C3  
About • Received ※ 07 September 2022 — Revised ※ 10 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 13 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 26 November 2022
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