Keyword: background
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TUP17 HL-LHC Beam Gas Fluorescence Studies for Transverse Profile Measurement synchrotron, radiation, synchrotron-radiation, photon 261
  • O. Sedláček, M. Ady, C. Castro Sequeiro, A.R. Churchman, S. Mazzoni, G. Schneider, K. Sidorowski, R. Veness
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • P. Forck, S. Udrea
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • M. Sameed
    European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva, Switzerland
  • O. Sedláček, O. Stringer, C.P. Welsch, H.D. Zhang
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • O. Sedláček, O. Stringer, C.P. Welsch, H.D. Zhang
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  In a gas jet monitor, a supersonic gas curtain is injected into the beam pipe and interacts with the charged particle beam. The monitor exploits fluorescence induced by beam-gas interactions, thus providing a minimally invasive transverse profile measurement. Such a monitor is being developed as part of the High Luminosity LHC upgrade at CERN. As a preliminary study, the fluorescence cross section of relevant gases must be measured for protons at 450 GeV and 6.8 TeV (i.e. the LHC injection and flat top energies). In these measurements, neon, or alternatively nitrogen gas, will be injected into the LHC vacuum pipe by a regulated gas valve to create an extended pressure bump. This work presents the optical detection system that was installed in 2022 in the LHC to measure luminescence cross-section and horizontal beam profile. Preliminary measurements of background light and first signals are presented in this paper.  
poster icon Poster TUP17 [0.673 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-TUP17  
About • Received ※ 07 September 2022 — Revised ※ 10 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 14 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 21 November 2022
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TH2C2 Upgraded CMS Fast Beam Condition Monitor for LHC Run 3 Online Luminosity and Beam Induced Background Measurements luminosity, detector, MMI, electron 540
  • J.M. Wańczyk
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  The fast Beam Condition Monitor (BCM1F) for the CMS experiment at the LHC was upgraded for precision luminosity measurement in the demanding conditions foreseen for LHC Run3. BCM1F has been rebuilt with new silicon diodes, produced on the CMS Phase 2 Outer Tracker PS silicon wafers. The mechanical structure was adapted to include a 3D printed titanium circuit for active cooling of BCM1F sensors. The assembly and qualification of the detector quadrants were followed by the integration with Pixel Luminosity Telescope and Beam Conditions Monitor for Losses on a common carbon fibre carriage. This carriage was installed inside the CMS behind the Pixel detector, 1.9 m from the Interaction Point. BCM1F will provide a real-time luminosity measurement as well as a measurement of the beam-induced background, by exploiting the arrival time information of the hits with a sub-bunch crossing precision. Moreover, regular beam overlap scans at CMS were introduced during Run 2, enabling an independent and non-destructive transverse profile measurement for LHC Operators. The paper describes the improved BCM1F detector design, its commissioning and performance during the beginning of Run 3 operation.  
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slides icon Slides TH2C2 [15.616 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-TH2C2  
About • Received ※ 07 September 2022 — Revised ※ 08 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 12 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 07 December 2022
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