S.M. Gibson, A. Arteche
Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
T. Lefèvre, T.E. Levens
CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
An Electro-Optic Beam Position Monitor (EO-BPM) is being developed as a high-frequency (up to 10 GHz) diagnostic for crabbing and Head-Tail intra-bunch detection at the HL-LHC. Following an earlier prototype at the SPS that demonstrated single-pickup signals, an upgraded design of an interferometric EO-BPM has been beam-tested at the HiRadMat facility for validation and characterisation studies. In the new design, the fibre-coupled Mach-Zehnder interferometer arms are modulated by lithium niobate waveguides integrated in an upgraded opto-mechanical arrangement that has been developed to produce a highly magnified image field replica of the passing Coulomb field. A new detection technique that is directly sensitive to the interferometric optical difference signal from opposite EO buttons has been applied to measure single-shot bunches for the first time. A transverse resolution study over a ±20 mm range at 3 GHz bandwidth produced the first successful electro-optic bunch-by-bunch position measurement at the HiRadMat in-air extraction line. The results of this campaign show promise for an in-vacuum design that is in production for beam tests at the SPS during Run-3 of the LHC.
M. El Ajjouri, F. Alves, A. Gamelin, N. Hubert
SOLEIL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
The Beam Position Monitors for the SOLEIL low emittance upgrade project are in the design phase. Efforts are put on the minimization of the heat load on the button by optimizing the longitudinal impedance and the BPM materials. To validate the mechanical design and tolerances a first prototype has been manufactured and controlled. This paper presents the mechanical design of the BPM, the metrology of the prototype and the lessons learned from this prototyping phase.
ENeXAr is a data archival tool for EPICS-based systems. It is intended as a complement for traditional data archiving solutions, to cover use cases for which they are usually not designed: mainly for limited-duration high-data rates from a subset of signals. The service is particularly useful for activities related to machine commissioning, beam studies, and system integration testing. Data acquisition is controlled via PV Access RPC commands and the data is stored in standard HDF5-based NeXus files. The RPC commands allow users to define the acquisition parameters, the data structure, and the metadata. The usage of EPICS RPC commands means that the users are not required to install additional software. Also, acquisitions can be automatized directly from EPICS IOCs.
P. Boutachkov, M. Saifulin, C. Trautmann, B. Walasek-Höhne
GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
GOI, St Petersburg, Russia
P. Rodnyi, I.D. Venevtsev
SPbPU, St. Petersburg, Russia
Novel radiation-hard scintillators were developed in the last years based on indium-doped ZnO ceramic with an extremely short decay time below a ns. Fast counting detectors and fast screens were considered as potential beam diagnostic applications of this material. At the GSI/FAIR facility, scintillation detectors are commonly used for measuring the intensity and detailed time structure of relativistic heavy ion beams. The scintillating material is inserted directly into the beam path. Signals from individual ions are counted, providing systematic-error-free beam intensity information. Standard scintillators require frequent maintenance due to radiation damage. To address this limitation, a large area ZnO radiation-hard detector was developed. The prototype detector operates at orders of magnitude higher irradiation levels, at higher counting rates and has better time resolution compared to a plastic scintillator. In addition, the novel detector material opens the possibilities for applications in other beam diagnostic systems, for example, scintillation screens for transverse profile measurements. Therefore, ZnO scintillation ceramics are of general interest for beam diagnostics.
A. Mariet, B. Moser, R. Veness
CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
M. Devel, J.E. Groetz
UFC, Besançon, France
A. Mikhalchan, J.J. Vilatela
IMDEA, Madrid, Spain
With the planned increase of luminosity at CERN for HL-LHC and FCC, instruments for beam quality control must meet new challenges. The current wires, made up of plain carbon fibers and gold-plated tungsten would be damaged due to their interactions with the higher luminosity beams. We are currently testing a new and innovative material, with improved performance: carbon nanotube fibers (CNTF). The HiRadMat (High Radiation for Material) experimental line at the output of the SPS is a user facility which can irradiate fix targets up to 440 GeV/c. CNTF with various diameters were irradiated in HiRadMat with different intensities, later imaged with a SEM microscope and tested for their mechanical properties. In addition, simulations have been carried out with the FLUKA particle physics Monte-Carlo code, in order to better understand the mechanisms and assess the energy deposition from protons at 440 GeV/c in those CNTF wires, depending mainly on their diameters and densities. This could lead to a good estimation of the CNTF temperature during irradiation. In this contribution, we first present the HiRadMat experimental setup and then we discuss the results of our FLUKA simulations.