Keyword: laser
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MO1C3 Development of a 6D Electron Beam Diagnostics Suite for Novel Acceleration Experiments at FEBE on CLARA electron, diagnostics, experiment, acceleration 1
  • T.H. Pacey, D. Angal-Kalinin, A.R. Bainbridge, J. Henderson, J.K. Jones, N.Y. Joshi, S.L. Mathisen, A.E. Pollard, Y.M. Saveliev, E.W. Snedden, C. Tollervey, D.A. Walsh
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • D. Angal-Kalinin, A.R. Bainbridge, J.K. Jones, T.J. Overton, Y.M. Saveliev, C. Swain, J. Wolfenden
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • J. Henderson
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • N.Y. Joshi
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • T.J. Overton
    The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • C. Swain, J. Wolfenden
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  The FEBE beamline at the CLARA facility will combine a 250 MeV FEL quality electron beam with a 100 TW class laser. One area of research FEBE will support is novel acceleration schemes; both structure and plasma based. There are stringent diagnostic requirements for measuring the input electron beam and challenges in characterisation of the accelerated beams produced by these novel schemes. Several of these challenges include measurement of: micrometer scale transverse profiles, 10 fs scale bunch lengths, single shot emittance, broadband energy spectra at high resolution, and laser-electron time of arrival jitter. Furthermore, novel shot-by-shot non-invasive diagnostics are required for machine learning driven optimisation and feedback systems. This paper presents an overview of R&D activities in support of developing a 6D diagnostics suite to meet these challenges.  
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slides icon Slides MO1C3 [3.008 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-MO1C3  
About • Received ※ 07 September 2022 — Revised ※ 09 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 12 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 13 November 2022
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MOP37 Beam Polarization Measurements with the Revised Compton Polarimeter at ELSA polarization, electron, photon, detector 137
  • M.T. Switka, K. Desch, D. Elsner
    ELSA, Bonn, Germany
  • W. Hillert
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
  The Compton Polarimeter at the ELSA 3.2 GeV storage ring has been designed to measure the polarization degree of the stored electron beam by analyzing the profile of the back-scattered gamma-beam with a silicon microstrip detector. Utilizing a scattering asymmetry from interaction with circularly polarized laser light, the electron beam polarization is determined from the vertical shift of the gamma-beam’s center of gravity in respect to the handedness of the laser light. The installation of a new laser source and silicon strip detector has improved the polarimeter’s performance significantly. Additionally, the profile analysis could be enhanced by using a Pearson type peak function fit. The analyzing power was determined through the observation of the Sokolov-Ternov effect and a statistical measurement accuracy of 2 % could be obtained within 5 minutes of measurement time. The polarimeter resolves the expected spin dynamical effects occurring in the storage ring and has shown to be a robust and reliable measurement system for operation with the GaAs source for polarized electrons.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-MOP37  
About • Received ※ 07 September 2022 — Revised ※ 09 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 13 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 19 September 2022
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MO3C4 Beam Position Monitoring of Multi-bunch Electron Beams at the FLASH Free Electron Laser electron, cavity, free-electron-laser, photon 177
  • N. Baboi, H.T. Duhme, B. Lorbeer
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  The superconducting FLASH user facility (Free electron LASer in Hamburg) accelerates 10 electron bunch trains per second, which are mostly used to produce high brilliance XUV and soft X-ray pulses. Each train usually contains up to 600 electron bunches with a typical charge between 100 pC and 1 nC and a minimum bunch spacing of 1 us. Various types of beam position monitors (BPM) are built in three electron beam lines, having a single bunch resolution of 2-100 um rms. This paper presents multi-bunch position measurements for various types of BPMs and built in at various locations. The dependency of the resolution on the beam offset is also shown.  
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slides icon Slides MO3C4 [1.551 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-MO3C4  
About • Received ※ 07 September 2022 — Revised ※ 09 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 13 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 17 November 2022
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TU1I1 Electro-Optical BPM Development for High Luminosity LHC pick-up, proton, site, GUI 181
  • S.M. Gibson, A. Arteche
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • T. Lefèvre, T.E. Levens
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  An Electro-Optic Beam Position Monitor (EO-BPM) is being developed as a high-frequency (up to 10 GHz) diagnostic for crabbing and Head-Tail intra-bunch detection at the HL-LHC. Following an earlier prototype at the SPS that demonstrated single-pickup signals, an upgraded design of an interferometric EO-BPM has been beam-tested at the HiRadMat facility for validation and characterisation studies. In the new design, the fibre-coupled Mach-Zehnder interferometer arms are modulated by lithium niobate waveguides integrated in an upgraded opto-mechanical arrangement that has been developed to produce a highly magnified image field replica of the passing Coulomb field. A new detection technique that is directly sensitive to the interferometric optical difference signal from opposite EO buttons has been applied to measure single-shot bunches for the first time. A transverse resolution study over a ±20 mm range at 3 GHz bandwidth produced the first successful electro-optic bunch-by-bunch position measurement at the HiRadMat in-air extraction line. The results of this campaign show promise for an in-vacuum design that is in production for beam tests at the SPS during Run-3 of the LHC.  
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slides icon Slides TU1I1 [26.286 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-TU1I1  
About • Received ※ 15 September 2022 — Revised ※ 17 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 25 October 2022 — Issue date ※ 30 November 2022
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TUP32 Differential Current Transformer for Beam Charge Monitoring in Noisy Environments electron, linac, pick-up, monitoring 304
  • H. Maesaka, T. Inagaki
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo, Japan
  • H. Dewa, T. Inagaki, H. Maesaka, K. Yanagida
    JASRI, Hyogo, Japan
  • K. Ueshima
    QST, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
  We developed a differential current transformer (CT) for electron beam charge measurement in noisy environments, such as near high-power pulse sources. This CT has four pickup wires coiled at equal intervals (90 deg.) on a toroidal core and each coil is wound for two turns. The midpoint of the coil is connected to the body ground so that a balanced differential signal is generated at both ends. A beam pipe with a ceramics insulation gap is inserted into the toroidal core to obtain a signal from a charged-particle beam. The four pairs of signals are transmitted through a CAT6 differential cable and fed into differential amplifiers. The common-mode noise from the noisy ground at the CT is canceled out by the amplifier. The four signals are then summed and digitized by an AD converter. We produced differential CTs and installed them into the new injector linac of NewSUBARU (*). Before the installation, the frequency response was measured in a laboratory and a flat response of up to 100 MHz was obtained as expected. Common-mode noise cancellation was also confirmed at NewSUBARU and the CTs have been utilized for beam charge monitoring stably.
*: T. Inagaki et al., ’Construction of a Compact Electron Injector Using a Gridded RF Thermionic Gun and a C-Band Accelerator’, in Proc. IPAC’21, pp. 2687-2689. doi:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2021-WEPAB039
poster icon Poster TUP32 [1.393 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-TUP32  
About • Received ※ 07 September 2022 — Revised ※ 10 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 11 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 26 October 2022
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TU3I1 Investigating the Transverse Dynamics of Electron Bunches in Laser-Plasma Accelerators electron, plasma, betatron, radiation 348
  • A. Koehler
    DLR, Berlin, Germany
  The demonstrations of GeV electron beams and FEL radiation driven by a centimeter-scale device illustrate the tremendous progress of laser-plasma accelerators. In such applications, beam divergence and size, along with beam energy and charge, are critical parameters of electron beams. An insight on the transverse parameters and their dynamics such as beam decoherence can be obtained by diagnostics complemented by betatron radiation detectors. This talk will also provide a brief overview of recent techniques for accessing the transverse phase space.  
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slides icon Slides TU3I1 [2.119 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-TU3I1  
About • Received ※ 06 September 2022 — Revised ※ 10 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 12 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 06 November 2022
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TU3C2 Angular-Resolved Thomson Parabola Spectrometer for Laser-Driven Ion Accelerators proton, detector, experiment, HOM 352
  • C. Salgado-López, A. Curcio, G. Gatti, J.L. Henares, J. Imanol Apiñaniz, J.A.P. Pérez-Hernández, L. Volpe, D. de Luis
    CLPU, Villamayor, Spain
  Funding: LASERLAB-EUROPE V (Grant Agreement No. 871124, EU Horizon 2020). IMPULSE (Grant Agreement No. 871161, EU Horizon 2020). Equipment Grant No. EQC2018-005230-P, Junta de CyL (Grant No. CLP263P20).
Laser-plasma driven accelerators have become reliable sources of low-emittance, broadband and multi-species ion sources, with cut-off energies above the MeV-level*. We report on the development, construction, and experimental test of an angle resolved Thomson parabola spectrometer for laser-accelerated multi-MeV ion beams able to distinguish between ionic species with different q/m ratio. The angular resolving power, which is achieved due to an array of entrance pinholes, can be simply adjusted by modifying the geometry of the experiment and/or the pinhole array itself. The analysis procedure allows for different ion traces to cross on the detector plane, which greatly enhances the flexibility and capabilities of the detector. A full characterization of the TP magnetic field has been implemented into a relativistic code developed for the trajectory calculation of each beamlet. High repetition rate compatibility is guaranteed by the use of a MCP as active particle detector. We describe the first test of the spectrometer at the 1PW VEGA 3 laser facility at CLPU, Salamanca (Spain), where up to 15MeV protons and carbon ions from a 3-micron laser-irradiated metallic foil are detected**.
*A. Macchi et. al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 85, 751 (2013)
**C. Salgado et. al., Sensors 22, 3239 (2022).
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slides icon Slides TU3C2 [2.831 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-TU3C2  
About • Received ※ 01 September 2022 — Revised ※ 10 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 14 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 25 September 2022
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TU3C3 LINAC4 Laser Profile and Emittance Meter Commissioning emittance, linac, detector, electron 357
  • A. Goldblatt, O.O. Andreassen, T. Hofmann, F. Roncarolo, J. Tagg
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • G.E. Boorman, A. Bosco, S.M. Gibson
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  The LINAC4 is now equipped with two laser profile and emittance meters, basically non destructive and not limited by beam power density. A pulsed laser is transported through fibres and focused into the 160 MeV H beam. Its interaction with the H ions detaches electrons that are collected by an electron-multiplier, while the resultingH0 particles, after being separated from the main H beam by a dipole magnet, are recorded by a diamond strip detector, few meters away from the interaction point. The emittance and profile are reconstructed from the laser step by step scan of the beam. After several years of feasibility tests and prototyping, this paper will present all details about the final HW and SW implementation and the 2022 experimental results.  
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slides icon Slides TU3C3 [1.035 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-TU3C3  
About • Received ※ 09 September 2022 — Revised ※ 10 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 11 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 23 September 2022
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WEP10 Detection of a DC Electric Field Using Electro-Optical Crystals experiment, polarization, vacuum, space-charge 403
  • A. Cristiano, M. Krupa
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • R. Hill
    University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom
  Standard beam position monitors (BPM) are intrinsically insensitive to beams with no temporal structure, so-called DC beams, which many CERN experiments rely on. We therefore propose a novel detection technique in which the usual BPM electrodes are replaced with electro-optic (EO) crystals. When exposed to an electric field, such crystals change their optical properties. This can be exploited to encode the electric field magnitude onto the polarisation state of a laser beam crossing the crystal. An additional EO crystal, placed outside the vacuum chamber, can be used to control the system’s working point and to introduce a sinusoidal modulation, allowing DC measurements to be performed in the frequency domain. This contribution presents the working principle of this measurement technique, its known limitations, and possible solutions to further increase the system’s performance. Analytical results and simulations for a double-crystal optical chain are benchmarked against the experimental data taken on a laboratory test bench.  
poster icon Poster WEP10 [0.940 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-WEP10  
About • Received ※ 07 September 2022 — Revised ※ 10 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 15 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 03 December 2022
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WEP24 Modeling and Experimental Evaluation of a Bunch Arrival-Time Monitor with Rod-Shaped Pickups and a Low-Pi-Voltage Ultra-Wideband Traveling Wave Electro-Optic Modulator for X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers pick-up, timing, electron, GUI 447
  • K. Kuzmin, E. Bründermann, A.-S. Müller, G. Niehues
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • W. Ackermann, H. De Gersem
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • M.K. Czwalinna, H. Schlarb
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • C. Eschenbaum, C. Koos, A. Kotz, A. Schwarzenberger
    IPQ KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • A. Penirschke, B.E.J. Scheible
    THM, Friedberg, Germany
  X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL) facilities, such as the 3.4-km European XFEL, use all-optical links with electro-optic bunch arrival-time monitors (BAM) for a long-range synchronization. The current BAM systems achieve a resolution of 3.5 fs for 250 pC bunches. Precise bunch arrival timing is essential for experiments, which study ultra-fast dynamical phenomena with highest temporal resolution. These experiments will crucially rely on femtosecond pulses from bunch charges well below 20 pC. The state-of-the-art BAMs are not allowing accurate timing for operation with such low bunch charges. Here we report on the progress in development of an advanced BAM (system) based on rod-shaped pickups mounted on a printed circuit board and ultra-wideband travelling-wave electro-optic modulators with low operating voltages. We perform modeling and experimental evaluation for the fabricated pickups and electro-optic modulators and analytically estimate timing jitter for the advanced BAM system. We discuss an experimental setup to demonstrate joint operation of new pickups and wideband EO modulators for low bunch charges less than 5 pC.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-WEP24  
About • Received ※ 07 September 2022 — Revised ※ 10 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 12 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 13 October 2022
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WEP25 Installation and Commissioning of the Pulsed Optical Timing System Extension timing, controls, detector, polarization 451
  • F. Rossi, M. Ferianis
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  At the FERMI FEL user facility, a fully optical timing system has been operated, to synchronize it, since the start of machine commissioning, back in 2009. In the past years the system has been progressively extended to support more clients. The latest upgrade is focusing on the pulsed subsystem which provides the phase reference to remote lasers and the bunch arrival monitor diagnostic stations. In origin the pulsed subsystem had a capacity to feed simultaneously six stabilized fiber links. The upgrade to the original layout makes it possible to install up to eight new additional links. Here we will describe the new setup and the results achieved in terms of short- and long-term stability.  
poster icon Poster WEP25 [3.843 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-WEP25  
About • Received ※ 07 September 2022 — Revised ※ 10 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 12 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 08 November 2022
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WEP26 Status of a Monitor Design for Single-Shot Electro-Optical Bunch Profile Measurements at FCC-ee electron, operation, simulation, wakefield 455
  • M. Reißig, E. Bründermann, S. Funkner, B. Härer, A.-S. Müller, G. Niehues, M.M. Patil, R. Ruprecht, C. Widmann
    KIT, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
  Funding: Supported by the Doctoral School KSETA. C. W. achnowledges funding by BMBF contract number 05K19VKD. FCCIS is funded by the EU’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant No 951754.
At the KIT electron storage ring KARA (Karlsruhe Research Accellerator) an electro-optical (EO) near-field monitor is in operation performing single-shot, turn-by-turn measurements of the longitudinal bunch profile using electro-optical spectral decoding (EOSD). In context of the Future Circular Collider Innovation Study (FCCIS), a similar setup is investigated with the aim to monitor the longitudinal bunch profile of each bunch for dedicated top-up injection at the future electron-positron collider FCC-ee. This contribution presents the status of a monitor design adapted to cope with the high-current and high-energy lepton beams foreseen at FCC-ee.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-WEP26  
About • Received ※ 05 September 2022 — Revised ※ 10 September 2022 — Accepted ※ 11 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 24 September 2022
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TH1C3 Single-Shot Electro-Optic Detection of Bunch Shapes and THz Pulses: Fundamental Temporal Resolution Limitations and Cures Using the DEOS Strategy electron, experiment, polarization, FEL 536
  • C. Szwaj, S. Bielawski, C. Evain, E. Roussel
    PhLAM/CERLA, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
  • C. Gerth, B. Steffen
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • B. Jalali
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  Funding: ULTRASYNC ANR-DFG project, CPER Photonics for Society, CEMPI LABEX
Recording electric field evolutions in single-shot and with sub-picosecond resolution is required in electron bunch diagnostics, and THz applications. A popular strategy consists of transferring the unknown electric field shape onto a chirped laser pulse, which is eventually analyzed. The technique has been investigated and/or been used as routine diagnostics at FELIX, DESY, PSI, Eu-XFEL, KARA, SOLEIL, etc. However fundamental time-resolution limitations have been strongly limiting the potential of these methods. We review recent results on a strategy designed for overcoming this limit: DEOS [1] (Diversity Electro-Optic Sampling). A special experimental design enables to reconstruct numerically the input electric signal with unprecedented temporal resolution. As a result, 200 fs temporal resolution over more than 10 ps recording length could be obtained at European XFEL - a performance that could not be realized using classical spectrally-decoded electro-optic detection. Although DEOS uses a radically novel conceptual approach, its implementation requires few hardware modifications of currently operating chirped pulse electro-optic detection systems.
[1] E. Roussel, C.
Szwaj, C. Evain, B. Steffen, C. Gerth, B. Jalali and S. Bielawski,
Light: Science & Applications 11, 14 (2022).
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slides icon Slides TH1C3 [5.198 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2022-TH1C3  
About • Received ※ 27 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 15 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 17 November 2022  
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